The fashion industry a worldwide multi-million dollar company devoted to the manufacture and sale of clothing. Some observers distinguish between the fashion industry (which makes “haute couture”) and the apparel industry (which produces ordinary clothes or “mass fashion”), but in the 1970’s the borders between them were unclear. Fashion is best defined simply in the style or style of clothing and accessories that people are using at a certain time. It may seem that there are differences inexpensive fashion appearing on the slopes of Paris or New York and styles of streets and sportswear mass produced are sold in malls and markets around the world. However, the fashion sector covers design, manufacture, distribution, marketing, retailing, advertising and promotion of all types of clothing men’s, women’s and children’s) Highly more incommensurable and expensive seam (literally “high seam”. and a designer of fashion for daily consumption, from high quality, dresses to Juicy Couture pants. Sometimes the wider term “fashion industry” is used to refer to the many industries and services employing millions of people internationally.
The fashion industry is a product of the modern era. In the mid-nineteenth century, virtually all of the apparel was made handmade for individuals either as a homemade or tailored and dressed. In the early part of the century, with the introduction of new technologies, such as sewing machine, the rise of global capitalism and development of the production system factory, and the spread of points in the retail and department stores, each time there were more clothes. That it is mass produced in standard sizes and sold at fixed prices. Although the fashion industry was first developed in Europe and America, it is today an international and highly globalized industry. Clothes are often designed in one country, made in another and sold in the third. For example, an American fashion office can buy fabrics from China and make them from Vietnam, end up in Italy and send the United States warehouse to international distribution. The fashion industry has long been one of the leading employers in the United States, and it is still in the 21st century. However, employment declined considerably when production became more and more foreign, especially China. Since information in the fashion industry is generally reported to the national economies and expressed in many separate industries, the aggregate figures of the global production of textile and clothing are difficult to obtain. In any case, the industry is undoubtedly a significant part of world economic output.
The fashion industry consists of four levels: raw material production, mainly fibers and textiles, but also leather and fur; Producing fashion products from designers, manufacturers, contractors, and others; retail; and various forms of advertising and promotion. These levels consist of a number of independent but interdependent sectors, all addressing the objective of satisfying the demand for consumer goods in the conditions under which traders can profit.
Design and textile production
Most fashions are textiles. The spinning and weaving of the baby, cotton and other natural fibers were one of the first achievements of the industrial revolution in the eighteenth century. In the 21st century, these processes are highly automated and run with high-speed computer-controlled machines. The large textile industry produces clothing textiles. Natural fibers such as wool, cotton, silk and linen and synthetic fibers such as nylon, acrylic, and polyester are used. Growing interest in a sustainable way or “eco-fashion” led to increased organic fibers such as hemp. Synthetic high-tech fabrics give properties such as moisture (eg, Coolmax), stain resistance (eg, 303 High Tech Fabric Guard), preservation or suppressing body heat and firearms (eg Kevlar), cold (for example Thinsulate), ultraviolet radiation (Solarweave) and other hazards. Fabrics are manufactured with different effects on dyeing, weaving, printing and other manufacturing and finishing processes. In addition to mold makers, textile manufacturer’s work long before the apparel industry is produced.
Giulia Mensitier has little or no personal interest in clothing. That is why it has probably been a surprise for French fashion industry by her Ph.D., now a book called The Most Beautiful Work of the World has opened his secret profession so dramatically in public. France’s findings at the forefront of fashion, the second largest industry in the country, utilizing the most creative work she was taken on the ammenaming media, which was released earlier this year. The resulting titles included: “a form of the ruthless world”; “Fashion dirty bottom”; and “a very rich industry based on unpaid work”.
The reality of the mold was illustrated eight years ago by Mensitier’s relaxed presentation of his theme. Met “Mia”, a successful Italian stylist who had moved to Paris. “she had Chanel shoes and used the portfolio of Prada, which led to a global business class I would never have imagined I was in the situation I was.” What could not afford to rent space, so she surfs in a friend’s house behind the screen? “Sometimes there was no money on the phone bill, she ate McDonald’s on a daily basis, she never knew when they would pay for work and how much you could get, for example, a week’s work, a brand of very great luxury she made a coupon of £ 5,000 (£ 4,500) Mia could sell (and the most fashionable among employees, is a lively resale in the luxury goods market). But Mensitieri said that working with fashion means seeing a uniform constantly updated with valuable and expensive clothes and accessories, the paid vouchers Mia received instead of salary. “This situation is not exceptional; Mia is just a paradigm of what’s going to happen.”
The book is animated from the beginning. Mensorier analyzes and case studies create a rather condescending picture of the subject. One interviewed, former fashion journalist in a shiny magazine describes how one day he was taken out of his circle of friends and colleagues. Suddenly they stopped answering their calls or responding to their emails. There was no explanation “This is the violence everyone spoke to me,” says Mensitieri. “When you go out, you’re gone.” Such a sudden deterioration may involve a trauma. “All your social relationships are in the world, they are gone.” If exceptional, now you have been offended ungodly. Or simply you are not special enough. “Finding a job in a new sector can be difficult because” normal “people behave differently than you are used to.” Finding a job can be tricky and comes from an industry that outsiders tend to despise as fluffy and light.
Mensitieri, alumni Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, one of the great elite French elite schools in London to discuss his book but not yet translated into English. “I was a little scared when he left,” she says, “because it is a fairly strong to resign, even though it was not my goal. I’m an anthropologist, not the reporter.” The most prominent statement in the book is that “When we think about the exploitation of fashion, think of sweatshirts abroad or sexual harassment models but it was not interested in looking at the creative side. Makeup artists, young designer’s trainees,
assistants what I really want to make clear that exploitation exists in the heart of the symbolic and financially strong center of Maisons de couture same, great luxury brands But it is different from exploitation.
The book reviewers complain that the Mensitist just interviewed 50 people for analysis, all informally. Some of the statistics are not taking an overview of Karl Lagerfeld: “Fashion is a total injustice is so and that’s it …” “But no,” says the author, “has said that what I have written is not true”.
Major trademarks generally do not hold the idea of objective foreigners’ harassment, but it seems that people who work for them do. They have written to Mensilier to say they never considered themselves utilized before they read their books that were wrapped because they were in the bright promise of the industry. “They say that now that they have read the book … they started to see a big picture and little of their own experiences,” says the author. “And when they understand the big picture, they do not see fashion and work in a way or otherwise the same way.”